According to Cardona et al, the Cross was seen during the Saturn Golden Age around Saturn itself in the northern sky close to the Earth and a Pyramid or Triangle was seen on the Earth under the Saturn Cross, with a polar column between them, or the polar column was in the shape of a Pyramid or Triangle.
Apparently, the Saturn Cross was suspected by some of the ancient witnesses to be an inverted Pyramid.
Die omgekeerde pyramide is de plasma ontlading tussen mars en venus.
Dus hebben een driehoek met punt omhoog en een driehoek met punt naar beneden en die spiegelde elkaar dus de "zandloper".
When the two vortex/pyramid discharges meet and combine together they produce the original 'hour glass' through which the 'Sands of Time' flow.
The downward triangle symbolizes Shakti, the sacred embodiment of femininity, and the upward triangle symbolizes Shiva, or Agni Tattva, representing the focused aspects of masculinity. The mystical union of the two triangles represents Creation, occurring through the divine union of male and female.
Daarom wordt saturnus vaak met zandloper afgebeeld.
Maar er is meer:op een gegeven moment veranderde venus haar positie tov saturnus en overlappen de driehoeken elkaar en krijg je de Davidster het bekende symbol voor saturnus.
Rings around stars confirm Electric Universe theory.
A recent press release from the European Space Agency announces that a ring around the star Fomalhaut (Fo-mal-HOUT) demonstrates “the glow from dust in the debris disc – a structure resembling the Kuiper Belt in the primordial Solar System – around the young star Fomalhaut. Detailed studies suggest that the dust in this debris disc consists of “fluffy” aggregates of grains, which are produced by the frequent collisions taking place between comets within the disc.”
“Combining both Herschel and Hubble data, we figured out that dust in Fomalhaut’s debris disc must behave like small grains in terms of emission and absorption, but it must scatter light like large grains do,” explains co-author Michiel Min from Utrecht University and the University of Amsterdam. “A form of dust that combines all these properties together consists of “fluffy” aggregates: large conglomerates of small dust grains with lots of empty space in the structure,” adds Min.
Astronomers believe that fluffy dust aggregates in the Solar System arise from collisions between comets, so they assume that the fluffy dust observed in the debris disc of Fomalhaut derives from cometary collisions, too. However, radiation pressure from the star should effectively blow such fluffy particles away: “this blow-out effect must be compensated by a steady production of dust particles via comet collisions,” notes co-author Carsten Dominik from the University of Amsterdam and Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, which means the dust particles are being replenished by cometary impacts.
But this requires a phenomenal number of comets, “between 1011 and 1013, depending on their sizes” and an incredible rate of collisions between these widely separated bodies. “We estimate that the required amount of dust can be produced by an average rate of 2000 daily collisions between comets with a size of one kilometre across,” Dominik adds. It should also be noted that this requires faith in the hypothetical Oort cloud and Kuiper belt of comets, which must be disturbed by a passing star to provide the meager cometary display in our own Solar System.
The ring around Fomalhaut is 140 Astronomical Units (AU—the distance of Earth from the Sun) from the star. By comparison, Pluto is only 40 AU from the Sun. The disk is calculated to be 16 AU wide and about 2 AU thick. Distributing 1013 comets in this volume produces a density of one comet for each 1016 cubic kilometers of empty space. If the one-kilometer-diameter comets are represented by marbles one inch in diameter, the “marble comets” would be separated by about 4 miles. The chance of a collision is indistinguishable from zero.
At the distance of 140 AU, the comets’ orbital velocities will be miniscule, and they will all be orbiting in the same direction. Should any two approach each other on anything but a direct center-to-center path, their gravitational acceleration toward each other will increase their energies and serve to push them into wider orbits around each other, effectively preventing a collision. (For a similar interaction, consider the Moon around the Earth from a heliocentric point of view.)
Furthermore, these hypothetical structures are not restricted to a plane, so the ring should be diffuse and thick. However, an ESO report remarks that “both the inner and outer edges of the thin, dusty disc have very sharp edges.” “The ring is even more narrow and thinner than previously thought.” Shepherding planets were originally invoked, but this more recent finding has created ever more problems for theoreticians.
Once again, a desperate, ad hoc hypothesis involving collisions and unseen objects is invoked to explain excess radiant energy from a structure around a star. The EU model has a much simpler answer. Various ring structures, like supernova 1987A, are witness to cylindrical current sheets passing vertically through a thin equatorial disk of gas and dust. The cylindrical current sheet tends to form one or more particle beam “hot spots” around the ring, as plasma laboratory experiments reveal and the IBEX mission has recently discovered about our own Sun.
Rather than collisions from an unbelievable cloud of comets causing “fluffy” dust to reflect radiant energy from the star Fomalhaut, a dust ring is simply intercepting some of the electrical energy that powers the star, causing a glowing ring to appear.
Beeld van een jonge sterrengroep in ons Melkwegstelsel, gemaakt door Europese ruimtesatelliet Herschel.
Een internationaal team van sterrenkundigen onder leiding van onderzoeker Bram Acke van de KU Leuven heeft rond de jonge ster Fomalhaut, die zich op 25 lichtjaren van ons zonnestelsel bevindt, een uitzonderlijke activiteit geregistreerd. "Uit de hoeveelheid stof rond deze ster kunnen we berekenen dat er dagelijks ongeveer 2.000 kometen botsen en verpulveren", aldus Acke.
"Bij de geboorte van een ster worden gas en stof samengetrokken tot een kern die later de ster wordt. Materiaal dat niet in de ster terechtkomt vormt planeten, asteroïden en kometen in een schijf rond de ster. Heel fijn stof wordt weggeblazen door de straling van de ster. Dat we bij Formalhaut veel fijn stof vonden was dus verrassend. Dat fijne stof kan immers geen restant van de geboorte van de ster zijn", aldus Acke.
Dat er zich rond Fomalhaut een puinschijf bevond met stof en brokstukken werd al vroeger ontdekt. Dankzij infraroodbeelden gemaakt door Herschel, de ruimtetelescoop van de Europese ruimtevaartorganisatie ESA, kon de sluier van het stof in kaart worden gebracht en kon de hoeveelheid stof bepaald worden en ook geanalyseerd. "Uit de poreuze en pluizige structuur van het stof kunnen we afleiden dat het hier om kometen gaat", legt Acke uit.
Ik kwam het volgende tegen. Informatie vanuit een compleet andere hoek, maar volgens mij wel te linken....
Powerful Jet Pointing Directly At Earth
PKS 2155-304 is a blazar galaxy and it is also the archetypical X-ray BL Lac object. It is one of the brightest BL Lac objects in the sky at optical through X-ray energies. It is located in the southern constellation Piscis Austrinus. In 2006 the jets underwent a burst that caused the galaxy to become the brightest source of gamma-ray energies in the sky. Image Credits:gems.gsfc.nasa.gov
Piscis Austrinus, called Piscis Notius on the Uranographia of Johann Bode, is shown lying on its back and drinking water from the urn of Aquarius. In its mouth is the bright star Fomalhaut.
Stars of Piscis Austrinus
Piscis Austrinus is more noticeable than Pisces in the sky because it contains the first-magnitude star Fomalhaut. This name comes from the Arabic meaning ‘fish’s mouth’, which is where Ptolemy described it as lying. In the sky the fish is shown drinking the water flowing from the jar of Aquarius, a strange thing for a fish to do. The flow of water ends at Fomalhaut, which Ptolemy regarded as being common to Aquarius and Piscis Austrinus. Bedouin Arabs visualized Fomalhaut and Achernar (in Eridanus) as a pair of ostriches. The name Fomalhaut is frequently mis-spelt “Formalhaut”. In the Almagest, Ptolemy listed six additional stars in this area that did not form part of Piscis Austrinus; five of these are now assigned to the modern figure of Microscopium, and one to Grus.
This video shows that a chrome plated rare earth magnet that is in water and is subjected to a voltage potential of 12 volts DC shows a spin of that hidden magnetic flux that is the the form of a helix, in fact there are 4 vortex fields emanating from the top and the bottom of this magnet.. When a potential is applied a vortex is formed around the magnet and a spin of water takes place show through the gas bubbles.. This is very IMPORTANT as this will allow scientist to develop better, faster and more powerful machines to help the human condition..
It is quite evident that filings do not show magnetic fields as they are, but that they show what little pieces of magnets do in magnetic fields. The pieces of iron become little magnets that attract to each other, and are not free moving particles in the magnetic field, and cannot act as a dye to show where the fields are and what they look like. Vortices can be arranged so that they are in different relationships to each other alongside or within each other, their relationship to each other determines, or may determine the momentum of the field. There are Three kinds of currents 1. The double vortex where opposite spins are found along side each other. 2. The double vortex where one vortex is inside the other. 3. The third form is the flat vortex." "Notice first what happens in attraction, What is need to see is the activity of atomic particles that constitute the magnetic fields. The Particles react with each other as they form two vortices that spin in the same direction. There is no reduction in the gauss count, which registers about three times as high as it does at the attracting end.
Magnetic fields are spinning vortices of cables of force, Magnetic fields do not exit one pole and circle directly around to enter the opposite pole, they re-enter the magnet at the center between the two poles, the Bloch wall, reverse their spin and polarity, and then circle around to the opposite pole. there are two separate and distinct energies of magnetism.
Charged vortices erupting from the Sun can form relatively dark cavities.
Recently, much has been made about a so-called “black sphere connected to the Sun.” Outlandish claims that a solid object was in close solar orbit, “feeding” off the photospheric plasma, have appeared in various places on the internet.
The Sun is a ball of plasma approximately 1.4 million kilometers in diameter. As such, it tends to behave electromagnetically and not according to thermal or mechanical physics. The Sun is the locus of positive charge with respect to the Interstellar Medium (ISM), a stream of high-energy particles, or plasma, flowing through our galaxy. A magnetically confined bubble known as the heliosphere isolates the Sun from the ISM.
Laboratory experiments with a positively charged sphere show that a plasma torus forms above the Sun’s equator. Electric discharges called sometimes bridge the torus with the Sun’s middle and lower latitudes to punch holes through the photosphere, known as sunspots.
Rotating filaments of plasma can be seen in the penumbrae of sunspots, indicating that they are whirling charge vortices. Since electric discharges in plasma create rope-like, hollow tendrils, they form into funnels of plasma with dark centers. Since the penumbral filaments have a helical structure that maintain a constant diameter, they might be thought of as glowing plasma tornadoes. Rapidly spinning tubes of charged particles produce a powerful magnetic field, causing the particles to concentrate at the periphery of the vortex. Looking through these semi-transparent tubes of glowing plasma side-on, the edges appear bright, while the center is dark.
Coronal arches and multiple looping electromagnetic structures connect sunspots to each other, rising high enough to penetrate the chromosphere. The chromosphere is also a double layer region of the Sun, or plasma sheath, formed by the current flowing between the Sun and its environment. When the electric charges flowing through the Sun’s plasma sheath reach a critical threshold, the double layer may explode, causing solar flares and enormous prominence eruptions.
Electric Universe theory assumes that celestial bodies interact through conductive plasma and are connected by circuits, so the Sun is assumed to be electrically connected with the galaxy. The Sun’s input power is not stable, however. The charges flowing into and out of the Sun can sometimes increase to the point where it releases solar flares or coronal mass ejections (CME).
Solar flares are equivalent to tremendous lightning bursts on the Sun, pushing masses of plasma outward for millions of kilometers. Those plasma bursts are also helical in nature, sometimes containing darker voids within them. Since the structures are electromagnetically confined, they can be quasi-stable in the Sun’s atmosphere for minutes or even hours. The bubble within the CME shown at the top of the page is a normal plasma structure that lasted for over two days.
Whenever phenomena on the Sun are considered, its tremendous size must also factor in. Plasma phenomena are scalable up to many orders of magnitude. What can be modeled in laboratory experiments might take milliseconds, but when those activities are scaled to over a million kilometers, they might remain visible for a relatively long time.
Redshift measurements of five galaxies verify what astronomers have always believed—if their beliefs are true.
The nice thing about math is that it provides results that are absolutely true. Unless you’ve made errors in your addition, you can be sure that your conclusions are without doubt. This saves a lot of time: you don’t have to do much if any empirical testing or searching for other possible conclusions. No other conclusions are possible. One plus one is always and only two.
Measurements, of course, are not absolutely precise, so there is a small range of possible conclusions. However, time spent increasing the precision of measurements in order to shrink the error bars of the conclusions is without doubt the best use of it. Why waste time thinking about imaginary conclusions that are clearly outside the range dictated by the math!
The Big Bang is, if anything, mathematical. It may be the most doubt-free theory—nay, fact!—of modern science. At the present rate of improvement in precision, in a few years astronomers should be able to announce that the universe banged at 9:30 on a Tuesday morning.
The latest improvement has enabled astronomers to measure the redshift of five galaxies that existed only a few hundred million years after that memorable Tuesday morning event. They can establish a timeline through the early period called the reionization era, when clouds of neutral hydrogen “fog” were gradually ionized and became transparent. They now know that 780 million years after the Creation Event, fog filled 10 to 50 percent of the universe. They find that only 200 million years later, the fog had cleared to today’s level.
The press release quotes the lead author of the paper announcing this result: “It seems that reionisation must have happened quicker [sic] than astronomers previously thought.” Although the grammar is in error, we can be sure the math is correct.
The deceptive thing about math is that the certainty of results tends to obscure the dependency on initial assumptions. If those assumptions are false, the mathematical results are absolutely false. If one’s fortune and prestige depend on the truth of the results, one has a strong incentive not to question the assumptions. One quickly realizes that the best way to do this is not to ask the questions, not to publish them, not to fund research that would investigate them. The certainty of the math then stands undoubted.
Many of these Picture of the Day pages have discussed the discordant redshift associations ( www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2005/arch05/050610arptest.htm ) observed by astronomer Halton Arp and a few colleagues. The questions raised by the discordances have been not asked, not published, and not investigated so many times for so long that they have become boring. The only possible conclusion is that they falsify the Big Bang—and that’s impossible because: the math!
But if redshift is intrinsic, and these objects are nearby, the “fog” is not in the early universe but in the Big Bangers’ minds. The discordant observations indicate that the high-redshift objects are ejected from active galaxies. They also indicate that objects with higher redshifts are intrinsically fainter, so the objects with the highest redshifts are likely to beejecta from the Local Group of galaxies, perhaps even from the Milky Way. The “10 to 50 percent” fog in the early universe then translates to “10 to 50 percent” chance of an intervening hydrogen cloud in the local neighborhood.
A sample of only five galaxies bears the burden of establishing the rate of hypothetical clearing in an assumed universe conjectured to have happened 13 billion years ago. The sample of discordant redshifts runs into the hundreds. But that latter sample seems to be lost in a fog of artifice, denial, and conformity.
Luminous nebulae confirm Electric Universe theory.
30 Doradus, otherwise known as the Tarantula Nebula, is a large glowing region in one of the closest galaxies to the Milky Way, the Large Magellanic Cloud. A well-known supernova, 1987a, exploded near the edge of the nebula.
The Tarantula Nebula gets its name because it has a spider-like appearance in small telescopes. Its average diameter exceeds 1000 light-years, making it one of the largest nebulae known. If it were located in our own galaxy at a distance of 1500 light-years, or as close as the Great Molecular Cloud in Orion, it would span 30 degrees of arc in the night sky, and would be so bright that one could read a newspaper by its light.
According to consensus astrophysicists, an active “star-forming region” is said to exist in the nebula. Standard theories of stellar evolution describe star formation in terms of collapsing clouds. For whatever reason, be it shockwaves from supernovae, high frequency radiation from nearby stars, or the gravity flux from a passing black hole, the majority of astronomers believe that gravitational compression is what drives star birth.
Stars are thought to result from a cloud of nebular gas slowly contracting toward a center of gravity that has somehow formed within it. The Nebular Hypothesis was originally expounded by Pierre Simon, Marquis de LaPlace in the eighteenth century as an amplification of Immanuel Swedenborg’s original Solar System cosmogony theory. LaPlace thought that stars, in general, form when nebular clouds develop concentrations, or gravity vortices, in higher density regions. Those densities gradually collapse into “accretion discs” that draw more and more gas and dust into them.
Once the accumulation reaches a certain point, thermonuclear fusion ignites, creating outward pressure that prevents further contraction. Stars are therefore thought to be a balancing act between gravity and radiation. Despite its dated condition, astronomers continue to cling to this, their only recourse.
Star-forming regions are conventionally associated with gamma rays, X-rays, and extreme ultraviolet shining from the “cosmic eggs” that appear to be the glowing tips of condensed gas balls. One of the most iconic images in modern astrophotography is the famous “Pillars of Creation” in the Eagle Nebula. The tops of the clouds, with their puffball structures, X-rays, and compact shapes are also said to be stellar nurseries, where standard theories meet colorful pictures.
Gas cannot be heated until it gives off X-rays without stripping electrons from the nuclei, forming a plasma. The correct model for a nebula is a neon light, glowing at the excitation frequency of a specific gas. Electricity passing through the tube causes plasma to glow with unique colors, depending on the gas content. Astronomers say shock waves from supernovae can activate many frequencies of light because the compressed gas heats up. However, since more than 90% of the light from nebulae radiates in the frequency range of ionized oxygen, they should be thought of as oxygen discharge tubes and not as clouds of gas.
The Electric Star hypothesis resolves many of the distorted opinions that arise from misunderstanding the role of plasma and electric fields in space. Rather than kinetic energy from gravitational compression, the Tarantula Nebula’s radiant emanations result from electric currents.
Electric discharges in a dusty nebula draw matter toward the current axis where it is caused to glow by particles accelerated in the axial electric field. Plasma sheaths form bubbles that are normally invisible until “pumped” with additional energy from the galactic Birkeland currents in which they are immersed. The strong electric field across these plasma sheaths accelerates particles and pushes them into “glow mode”.
Powerful long-range electromagnetic scavenging of matter in a nebula is the way that stars are born, like “beads on a string.” Gravity, although it plays a small role in stellar formation, is a far too weak a force when compared to an electric field and ionized particles.
Volgens algemeen geaccepteerde theorieën zou de zonsomgeving juist rijk moeten zijn aan donkere materie - een geheimzinnige, onzichtbare substantie die alleen indirect waarneembaar is via de zwaartekrachtsaantrekking die zij uitoefent.
Maar gelukkig er is een oplossing:
Eén mogelijkheid is dat de halo van donkere materie die ons Melkwegstelsel omhult niet bolvormig is, maar meer weg heeft van een rugbybal die min of meer loodrecht op de melkwegschijf staat. In dat geval zou de meeste donkere materie zich binnen de omloopbaan van de zon kunnen bevinden.
Dark chocolate matter distribution in a vanilla-raspberry cheesecake structure.
Dark and Dead
More nails in the dark matter coffin.
Dark matter is supposed to be what holds the Universe together. However, modern telescopes are not able to see it because it does not interact with luminous matter, except gravitationally. Since galaxies spin through the cosmos, as well as move away from each other, they “must be” bound by dark matter gravity stitches, since there is not enough normal matter to account for the mass that they must possess in order to behave the way they do.
Galaxy clusters, for example, should have slowed down considerably over the last few billion years of space-time expansion and not maintained such wild velocities. Some galaxies, say astronomers, are moving so fast that they are hard on the heels of light speed.
It is often written in the popular press that dark matter makes up “25% of the Universe” or that dark energy makes up “75% of the rest of the Universe.” To anyone familiar with plasma physics, it is well known that plasma makes up 99.99% of the Universe. The amount of gravitational mass invented to save conventional theories is the same as the ionized plasma in an Electric Universe that is overlooked.
Recently, the European Southern Observatory (ESO) in Paranal, Chile announced that there is “no evidence for dark matter in a large volume around the Sun.”
This commentary is in opposition to those who have proposed that the Solar System orbits inside the dark matter halo of the Milky Way. Some astrophysicists calculate that the equivalent of 800 billion solar masses worth of dark matter particles encompasses our galaxy. Since there are an estimated 200 billion stars, presumably composed of “baryonic matter”, there should be a relatively dense cloud of dark matter for the Sun to plow through as it speeds along its circuit at almost 500,000 kilometers per hour. Apparently not, says ESO.
As long ago as 2007 serious doubts about dark matter theory were already published. Unreliable data collection methods from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) research team cast a shadow on the so-called “Lambda Cold Dark Matter” theory. In 2010, scientists at Durham University also expressed concerns with the errors in WMAP results about the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation (CMBR). The CMBR is supposed to be the “remnant signature of the Big Bang,” so problems in its analysis could have even farther-reaching consequences.
For instance, the two principle tenets of the Big Bang theory are that redshift is proportional to distance and that it is an indicator of velocity. The larger an object’s redshift, supposedly the farther away it is and the faster it is moving away from the observer. Those two ideas provide the backdrop for the commonly held belief that the Universe is expanding. “Dark energy” enters into the discussion at this point but it is not the subject of this paper. If the WMAP data is inaccurate, then there is a question regarding expansion of the Universe and the Big Bang.
It is electric currents that drive galaxies and their stars. The magnetic vortices between large-scale Birkeland current filaments create galaxies. Birkeland currents have a longer-range attractive force than gravity, and diminish with the reciprocal of the distance rather than gravity’s square of the distance. That alone could account for the anomalous movement of stars as they revolve around galactic cores.
The flow of electricity through plasma in space initiates the effects that are seen through space-based telescopes, confirming ground-based research. Electric currents in the cosmos and their associated magnetic fields should be our focus and not the search for that which can never be found.
“Plasma cosmology can demonstrate with simple physical principles the electrical formation and behavior of spiral galaxies and stars without recourse to hypothetical dark matter and black holes.”