Wow, bedankt mozes, goed gevonden! Mij zit de groene komeet (of een andere energie) nog steeds dwars, de toekomst zal zeggen wat het was.
Stukje uit jouw post mozes:
Important to note about all of the animal deaths being reported this past week, the MCHS says, are that they have been confined to a very specific latitude range between 24 and 58 North and 8 to 24 South indicating two separate breeches of our Earth’s upper atmosphere allowing these poisonous space cloud gasses to come through to the lower atmosphere.
Residents in Riverside are concerned about what they say is a major fish kill in the Detroit River.
Andre Mailhot was out walking his Jack Russell terrier in Alexander Park - a municipal park that runs along Riverside Drive roughly between Strabane and George Avenues - on Tuesday when he saw "thousands and thousands" of dead fish floating in the water.
"I couldn't believe it. As far as I could see, I could see all those little white spots," Mailhot said. "They were just coming down the river like somebody threw them in the water."
Tuesday's weather was on the mild side, but once temperatures dropped later in the week, the fish became embedded in the ice, Mailhot said.
He said he returned to the park on Wednesday and found two dead ducks.
He contacted the Ministry of the Environment to report his findings, and said he believes the department is investigating. No one from the ministry could be reached Thursday night.
When hundreds of dead birds were found Monday in Yankton, South Dakota, many residents were puzzled, thinking it was the latest in a string of similar mysterious mass animal deaths around the world. But this is one instance of the many where a clear cause has been identified, as the U.S. government claims responsibility for killing the more than 200 starlings.
It was initially believed that cold weather may have caused the bird deaths, but then Yankton police received a call from the USDA, attesting that they had poisoned the birds at a feedlot 10 miles away, KTIV reports. Apparently, some 5,000 of the birds were defecating in the feed meal, posing a threat to the animals and farm workers, when the USDA decided killing them would be the best action to take.
A bait laced with the poison DRC-1339 was used, though officials were surprised the birds made it so far before dying. They assure that the poisoned dead birds do not pose a risk to nearby animals or humans.
While the mystery of dead birds falling from the sky in South Dakota was quickly solved, similar mass animal deaths around the world remain enigmatic. 200 dead cows were recently found on a farm in Wisconsin, with a disease or pneumonia suspected as the culprit. Prior to that, mass bird deaths ranging from dozens to thousands were reported in Arkansas, Alabama, Louisiana, Kentucky, California, Italy and Sweden. Mass fish death had been report in Arkansas, Maryland, Chicago, New Zealand and Brazil, and 40,000 crabs washed ashore beaches in England.
Officials don't believe any of the incidents are related, and suspect a wide range of causes to be responsible, from cold weather and fireworks to semi-truck collisions and overeating, though they admit in many instances a clear cause may never be identified. According to The AP, mass animal deaths are not a rare occurrence.
In the latest of a string of mass animal deaths, 10,000 cows and buffalo have died in Vietnam.
Vietnam's Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development confirmed the news this week that more than 10,000 cows and buffalos died nationwide due to harsh weather conditions.
Cattle have been dying throughout Vietnam, which has had a particularly intense winter. The northern mountainous province of Cao Bang was hardest hit with 2,260 dead cattle, per Thanh Nien News. Some have said the number of total dead cattle may be as high as 13,000.
Mass animal deaths have been in the news quite a bit lately. Hundreds of birds were found dead in South Dakota early this week, and before that birds were found dead in Italy and birds fell from the sky in Arkansas, among other incidents.
Some of the mass die-offs have been explained - for instance, indigestion is thought to be the cause in Italy and the U.S. government has admitted involvement in the South Dakota case. But others remain up for debate.
Afgelopen week was het weer raak: in de Amerikaanse staat Zuid Dakota werden ruim 200 dode spreeuwen gevonden (2). Zij konden worden toegevoegd aan de steeds langer wordende lijst mysterieuze, soms massale sterfgevallen van vogels, vissen en andere diersoorten die de afgelopen weken over de hele wereld werden waargenomen. De Amerikaanse overheid heeft nu niet alleen toegegeven dat het de spreeuwen in Zuid Dakota heeft vergiftigd, maar heeft tevens een document gepubliceerd waaruit blijkt dat het de afgelopen jaren vele miljoenen vogels eenzelfde lot heeft doen ondergaan.
Mike Adams van de website Natural News spreekt zelfs van een 'vogel holocaust' die werd uitgevoerd door het Amerikaanse Ministerie van Landbouw (USDA). Op de officiële website van de USDA is een PDF-document geplaatst over het zogenaamde Bye Bye Blackbird programma, waardoor er alleen al in het jaar 2009 ruim 1,2 miljoen Europese spreeuwen, 1 miljoen bruinkoppige koevogels, 966.000 roodgevleugelde merels, 96.000 duiven, 93.000 Noord Amerikaanse merels (grackles) en ruim 24.000 duizend ganzen werden vergiftigd. Het aantal op dezelfde wijze omgebrachte kraaien, eenden, valken, havikken, mussen en talloze andere vogelsoorten beloopt in de tienduizenden.
Daarnaast doodde de USDA in 2009 zo'n 27.000 bevers, 81.000 coyotes, 30.000 wilde zwijnen, 20.000 eekhoorns, 12.000 wasberen en duizenden exemplaren van andere diersoorten zoals vossen, lynxen en wolven. Zo'n 5000 spreeuwen in Zuid Dakota zouden afgelopen week zijn vergiftigd omdat ze hun behoefte deden in veevoer, waardoor ze een bedreiging zouden vormen voor de volksgezondheid. Officials van het ministerie verklaarden dat ze verbaasd waren dat de dieren na vergiftiging nog zo'n eind hadden gevlogen. Tevens verzekerden ze dat de vergiftigde spreeuwen geen gevaar vormden voor andere dieren of voor mensen.
Sinds de start van het Bye Bye Blackbird programma in de jaren '60 bracht de USDA minstens 100 miljoen in de VS levende dieren om. Hoewel Mike Adams er alle begrip voor heeft dat boeren in sommige gevallen roofdieren die bijvoorbeeld hun kippenstal bedreigen of hun gewassen vernielen moeten afschieten, begrijpt hij er niets van waarom er zulke enorme aantallen vogels, die geen enkele bedreiging vormen, moeten worden afgemaakt. Hij vreest dan ook dat door het massaal vergiftigen van vogels en andere dieren de balans van het hele ecosysteem in Amerika ontwricht raakt.
Adams vraagt zich eveneens af wat er gebeurt als ook de menselijke populatie in de ogen van de overheid te groot wordt. Ondergaan de mensen dan dezelfde behandeling als de dieren? En gebeurt dat misschien nu al, door middel van feitelijk giftige toevoegingen aan voedingsmiddelen, vaccins, farmaceutische producten en fluoride in drinkwater? 'De overheid noemt dit echter geen 'moord', maar 'euthanasie'. Het enige verschil is dat de mensen op een langzamere manier vermoord worden.' (1)
Wat veroorzaakt het wereldwijde sterven van dieren?
Hoewel sommige groepen dode vogels in de VS inderdaad vergiftigd zouden kunnen zijn door het Amerikaanse ministerie van Landbouw, geeft dat geen verklaring voor het wereldwijd plotselinge omkomen van niet alleen vele vogels, maar ook van tienduizenden vissen, krabben en kwallen. Dat deze soms macabere serie sterftegevallen veelal met extreme weersomstandigheden te maken heeft blijkt bijvoorbeeld uit de minstens 10.000 stuks vee die de afgelopen week in Vietnam omkwamen als gevolg van de ongewoon strenge winter. (3)
Diverse deskundigen denken daarnaast dat bepaalde ziekten de oorzaak zijn van de vele doden dieren en dat de gevallen niet met elkaar in verband staan. Dat verklaart echter niet waarom er op de weerradar van de National Weather Service in North Little Rock (Arkansas, VS) rond dezelfde tijd dat er een groep vogels zomaar dood uit de lucht viel plotseling een vreemde vlek was te zien. Eén uitleg is dat dit de groep merels was die zou zijn geschrokken van vuurwerk en daardoor gedesoriënteerd recht omhoog zou zijn gevolgen, waar ze door het te lage zuurstofniveau zouden zijn gestikt. (4)
Dat lijkt een plausibele verklaring, ware het niet dat de kauwen die in Zweden dood op de grond vielen rond dezelfde tijd stierven als de merels in Arkansas, namelijk circa een half uur vóór middernacht (31 december 2010) (5). Toeval? Of was (/is) er iets anders aan de hand? Sommigen denken dat de vogels stierven door sterke elektromagnetische stralen of door een plotseling ontstaan 'plasma'veld, mogelijk als gevolg van testen met een (HAARP) wapen (6). Hoe dan ook, zolang er om de paar dagen nieuwe berichten komen over grote aantallen dode dieren zullen de speculaties over het hoe en waarom nog wel een poosje aanhouden.
A pod of 107 pilot whales stranded on a remote New Zealand beach have died, including 48 that were put down, the government's conservation department said.
The stranded whales were discovered by hikers on Sunday near Cavalier Creek on Stewart Island, off the southern tip of New Zealand's South Island.
Conservation department staff flew to the area and found that about half of the group were already dead and the others were dying, the agency said. The whales were well up the beach and the tide was receding, leaving little chance of keeping them alive until more rescuers could arrive.
"Euthanasia is a difficult decision, but is made purely for the welfare of the animal involved to prevent it from prolonged suffering," said Brent Beaven, the official who led the team at the site.
Pilot whales are about 13ft to 20ft (four metres to six metres) long and are the most common species of whale in New Zealand waters.
Whale strandings are common in New Zealand. Last month, 24 pilot whales died after becoming stranded on the North Island. In December 2009, more than 120 whales died in two separate beachings near Golden Bay and on the east coast of North Island.
"VANCOUVER - Duizenden Amerikaanse zeearenden hebben in Canada moeite om de winter door te komen. Door voedselgebrek zijn sommige vogels zo uitgeput dat ze spontaan uit de lucht vallen of obstakels niet meer weten te ontwijken tijdens het vliegen.
Dat meldde de Canadese krant Globe and Mail donderdag.
Volgens natuurbeschermers in het westen van Canada vallen de enorme vogels soms zomaar uit de boom. Dierenartsen die de vogels vangen, hoeven daar geen moeite voor te doen: ''Je loopt er naartoe en pakt ze op'', aldus dierenarts Maj Birch.
In de herfst trekken normaliter veel zalmen naar Canada om daar eitjes te leggen. De adelaars eten hun buikje dan meestal vol, zodat ze de winter door kunnen komen. Afgelopen jaar was er echter veel minder zalm dan anders, wat heeft geleid tot een ware hongersnood onder de vogels.
De zeearenden wijken nu uit naar steden en vuilnisbelten. Volgens Robin Campbell van een lokale dierenopvang werden op een dag maar liefst dertienhonderd Amerikaanse zeearenden aangetroffen op een vuilnisbelt.
''Mensen dumpen daar vergiftigde dieren en die worden door de adelaars opgegeten. De dieren zijn al sterk vermagerd, maar een groot deel raakt ook vergiftigd'', aldus Campbell.
De Amerikaanse zeearend is een grote, bruine vogel met een witte kop en gele snavel. De vogel kan tot wel een meter groot en zeven kilo zwaar worden. Volwassen dieren hebben een spanwijdte van 2,5 meter.
De Amerikaanse zeearend staat afgebeeld op het zegel van de president van de Verenigde Staten."
When David Hancock saw the bald-eagle count on the Chehalis River drop from more than 7,000 to fewer than 400 over a few days in December, he knew a crisis was coming.
Earlier this week, news reports that starving eagles were “falling out of the sky” in the Comox Valley, on Vancouver Island, confirmed his fears.
Wildlife rescue centres on the Island have reported birds growing so weak from hunger that they fall out of trees, or fly so clumsily they hit things. One crashed into a roof.
Mr. Hancock said a collapse of chum salmon runs has left British Columbia’s bald-eagle population without enough food to make it through the winter, leaving them weak from hunger and forcing thousands of birds to scavenge at garbage dumps.
Reports of starving eagles have been coming in from all over the Lower Mainland but seem concentrated in the Comox Valley, he said.
“This is what I said would be happening,” said Mr. Hancock, a biologist, publisher and author of The Bald Eagle of Alaska, BC and Washington.
Mr. Hancock said about 25,000 eagles flock to salmon rivers in the Pacific Northwest in the fall, to feed on the carcasses of spawning salmon. One of the biggest gatherings is on the Chehalis River, about 100 kilometres east of Vancouver, where as many as 9,000 eagles gather in November and December, drawn by what is usually a large run of chum salmon. The big fish, which average about 6 kilograms, are among the last salmon to spawn and their carcasses are usually available on gravel bars well into the winter.
But Mr. Hancock said the chum didn’t arrive in any numbers on the Chehalis this year, reflecting a coast-wide collapse of the species, and then heavy rains washed away what carcasses there were. The birds were forced to disperse, to look for food where they could find it.
“It was absolutely incredible. Within 10 days, we had gone from 7,200 eagles to 345 … So I knew it was going to be a pretty desperate winter,” said Mr. Hancock, who has been studying eagles for 50 years.
“So where did they go? I have a count of 1,387 one day at the Vancouver dump … that was in the week following the Chehalis dispersal,” he said.
Mr. Hancock said many birds have probably left the B.C.’s southern coast, perhaps flying far into the United States, but thousands have remained, and can be seen scattered across farm fields in the Fraser Valley and on Vancouver Island.
Others have flocked to the east coast of Vancouver Island, in the area between Qualicum Beach and Campbell River, which usually has a large herring spawn in early March.
The eagles feed on the fish, which spawn in the shallows, and hunt flocks of gulls and ducks that gather to eat herring eggs.
But the eagles are weak right now, and with heavy snow falling in the area, scrounging road kill or finding other dead animals can be difficult, said Robin Campbell, of North Island Wildlife Recovery Centre, in Errington, near Parksville.
Mr. Campbell said he has nine bald eagles under care, and most of them are recovering from poisoning they got while feeding at the Campbell River landfill.
“We had 1,300 eagles sitting there at the dump the other day,” Mr. Campbell said. “People dump poisoned animals in there and the eagles feed on them … the birds are starving, but a large percentage are poisoned, too.”
Maj Birch, manager of the Mountainaire Avian Rescue Society in Courtenay said she usually handles 40 eagles a year, but in the first two months of this year alone she has taken in 20 birds.
She said most of the birds she is called out to care for are so weak from hunger that “basically you just walk over and pick them up.”
Ms. Birch said many birds are found sitting on the ground.
“One young bird was perched in a tree and it just fell out. One was flying and hit a roof. They are falling, collapsing, losing their ability to fly,” she said.
The Pacific salmon emerges into life in the river, a sacred place of birth and death separate from the majority of the creature’s sentient life, which is spent exploring the wildest remaining ocean in the world.
From the moment it emerges from the river’s depths to the time that it lays itself to rest on gravel beds, it is in a constant state of martyrdom for the surrounding ecosystem, feeding eagles, bears, wolves, whales, forests, the atmosphere and humans.
The story of the salmon is a narrative that every British Columbian knows to be one of the most iconic, important, mysterious and spiritual of all stories native to this bioregion. The wild salmon is the backbone of the Coast, having sustained the First Nations and settler societies since their origins. It is a creature that overlaps colonial and First Nations timelines, as well as fresh- and salt-water ecosystems. This species defines the Pacific coast.
Prime Minister Stephen Harper has taken a special interest in the Fraser River. In 2009, the Cohen Commission was established to investigate the disappearance of a healthy, stable Sth?qe’y (Sockeye) Salmon run — a run that has historically been regarded as the aorta of southwestern B.C. Lead by Justice Bruce Cohen, the mandate of the commission is to “investigate and report on the reasons for the decline of sockeye salmon in the Fraser River,” according to a November 2009 press release from the Prime Minister’s Office.
The implications of the commission’s findings are as significant as they could be. There is a direct impact on the First Nations subsistence and culture, founding commercial and sport fisheries, ecotourism and —most importantly — dependent ecology.
No media, no message
Mark Hume, a Globe and Mail reporter who has been covering the Cohen Commission since the beginning, recognizes the importance of the Commission.
“It’s a hugely important resource. It’s a judicial inquiry ordered by the prime minister himself with a budget of over $20 million dollars for an investigation, the likes of which we’ve never seen in North America,” he said.
But Hume is confused and concerned as to why he is one of the only journalists following the story.
“I’m dumbfounded by it,” said Hume. “The place is empty. The media room is empty. There are a few [non-governmental organizations] sitting there taking notes. That’s it.”
Elena Edwards, a salmon activist who has spent much of her time sitting through arduous hearings and public forums since the Commission started, is equally concerned over the lack of media — and public — focus on the Commission.
“Besides the fact that it is boring, there is a failure to recognize what is at stake here,” she said. “You have the fate of the Fraser River sockeye at hand, and we want to know what the solutions are going to be . . . More or less there is a battle going on over the salmon right now.”
Alex Morton believes the Commission is “an amazing process.” Morton has been
granted standing in the Commission as part of the Aquaculture Coalition, a consortium of herself, Raincoast Research Society and the Pacific Coast Wild Salmon Society.
“An enormous effort has gone into the database [of compiled Commission data] and [the data] deserve to be read,” said Morton. “My commitment is not to read them all over, but to look at them all. We’ve never had he opportunity to look behind the scenes at patterns. They were never available.”
Morton and Edwards have both been at the forefront of the Commission’s findings, following how things develop. Edwards has been bearing witness to the hearings and public forums since an initial site visit to Cheam Beach (near Agassiz) on Aug. 12, 2010. She has attended the majority of the commission’s public forums in Lillooet, Prince Rupert, Campbell River, Stevenson, Nanaimo, Prince George, Victoria, New Westminster, Chilliwack and Kamloops. She finally settled into Vancouver’s Federal Courthouse for the formal Evidentiary Hearings.
“[Cohen is] very respectful and takes everyone seriously. But when he goes to Ottawa, the question is about the decision he makes. Is it going to be made by big business or real concern?” Edwards said. “When he does speak, he’s very considerate . . . I was really impressed with the way the judge is respectful to the First Nations. He seems to get the impression that there is an actual culture at stake here.”
First Nations interests
Relations between the courts and First Nations are of paramount importance to the Commission, as it relates to the larger situation of land claims and a historically shaky relationship between the colonial courts and First Peoples.
“The racism is still very strong around salmon,” Edwards said.
There are seven First Nations communities that have had their treaties put on hold, their debts mounting, waiting until the Cohen Commission announces its findings. And their wait has gotten longer since January, when the Commission was granted a 13-month extension and an additional $11 million dollars to submit its final report.
This year, First Nations engaged in treaty negotiations are looking at a $30 million loan to pay for slow and arduous negotiation processes. The extension granted to the Cohen Commission means that those negotiations that have salmon fishing rights on the table must swallow a larger bill.
Several people are speaking out against the delays, however.
“The Cohen inquiry should not continue to be used as an excuse not to get on with business at the treaty table,” said Sophie Pierre, chief commissioner for the B.C. Treaty Commission in an interview with the Globe and Mail.
The elephant, the mammoth
The Commission’s extension has elicited mixed emotions. While it’s important to have a thorough job done and to hear from all parties, the amount of money has made some people, including the participants, shake their heads.
“The amount of money is mind-boggling. And the money isn’t going to the participants,” said Morton. “I don’t understand why [the extension is] a year. They should be compiling this as they go. If it’s not out until June then we miss another whole cycle [of salmon].”
The Commission must investigate 75,000 core documents (not including emails) from the Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO), 400,000 DFO emails (dating back five years), and 35,000 government documents from other departments. And the 21 official participants in the inquiry have contributed another 3,600 documents.
“It is understandable that this inquiry wants to be as thorough as possible,” said Edwards. “But given that a very common theme in the courtroom is a lack of adequate funding for studies, habitat conservation and employment, it is rather ironic that over $3.5 million is being spent on issues that have been brought up many times before. Indeed, what will be different at the end of this commission?”
Morton says that the amount of information is necessary and that she wants to see “everything on the table when it comes to aquaculture,” hinting at the elephant in the room: fish farms.
The role that fish farms have to play in the disappearance of wild salmon, namely the Fraser River’s Sockeye, is an issue that the B.C. Salmon Farmers Association and advocates for the removal of fish farms are hoping to have resolved by the Cohen Commission’s final verdict. The Commission will open up its investigation and hearings on aquaculture’s potential effects on the Fraser River Sockeye on Aug. 15. Once this day arrives, the hearings won’t be dry at all, and the media will have a heightened interest in the commission.
“The one [thing] everyone is skating around is: what role did salmon farms play, if any?” said Hume. “That’s really the hot topic and Justice Cohen is going to have to come out and say guilty or not guilty on salmon farms. That would really make it worth the money.”
Justice Cohen demanded that fish farmers release data on fish health and mortality rates from 120 farms over a 10-year period, a historical first in terms of gaining access to fish farm data anywhere in the world. However, while the B.C. Salmon Farmers Association describes the full disclosure of their records as a show of good faith, the Commission has yet to see the complete record.
If aquaculture and fish farms are the elephant in the room, then the mammoth in the room is the DFO’s management of Pacific salmon stocks. There is concern about the ministry’s ability to fulfil its fundamental mandate.
“In my mind, the upper management is the problem. The problem people on the river are having is the DFO, and it’s not the local DFO, it’s the Ottawa DFO,” said Morton. “I’m hopeful that one of the recommendations is to re-localize the offices because that’s where people were interacting. And that was good. The people that actually get wet — they are working very hard for these fish. But it’s the people in the ivory tower in Vancouver and Ottawa that concern me. Having written to them over the last 20 years, I feel like I’m at the Mad Hatter’s tea party.”
A lack of adequate funding for local DFO programs is a continual theme in the Commission’s hearings. One example is the department’s test fisheries, where the data found produce the stock numbers and ensuing catch limits and regulations for the season. The test fisheries program’s five-year funding agreement expired this year, and there is no awareness within the DFO of how the program will be paid for in the future.
“Without that information we don’t have the information to manage the fisheries. We need those test fisheries to properly manage,” said Paul Ryall, a senior DFO official, in his Jan. 31 testimony.
The Cohen Commission will resume its evidentiary hearings on Feb. 21. What will be important to keep an eye open for are First Nations testimonials and the sharing of traditional ecological knowledge and management practices; and speakers including scientists, fish farmers, public figures (including William Shatner) and DFO officials.
The Cohen Commission provides a much-needed inquiry into the disappearance and instability of the Fraser River Sockeye, but is also the culmination of a number of issues around a distinctly British Columbian icon. The Cohen Commission is holding the fate of a species that has been the backbone of the coastal ecosystem, First Nations cultural heritage and subsistence and a founding and sustainable industry in its federally appointed hands.