Anxious Japan prepares for life without nuclear power
Japan has 54 nuclear reactors, but as of Saturday, not one of them will be in operation – how will the country cope?
This weekend Japan will begin a bold experiment in energy use that no one had thought possible – until the Fukushima Daiichi power plant suffered a triple meltdown just over a year ago.
On Saturday, when the Hokkaido electric power company shuts down the No3 reactor at its Tomari plant for maintenance, the world's third-largest economy will be without a single working nuclear reactor for the first time for almost 50 years.
The closure of the last of Japan's 54 reactors marks a dramatic shift in energy policy, but while campaigners prepare to celebrate, the nationwide nuclear blackout comes with significant economic and environmental risks attached.
The crisis at Fukushima sparked by last year's deadly earthquake and tsunami forced Japan into a fundamental rethink of its relationship with nuclear power.
The Tomari shutdown come as the Japan braces itself for a long, humid summer that will have tens of millions of people reaching for the controls of their air conditioners, raising the risk of power cuts and yet more disruption for the country's ailing manufacturers.
In a report released this week, the government's national policy unit projected a 5% power shortage for Tokyo, while power companies predict a 16% power shortfall in western Japan, which includes the major industrial city of Osaka.
"I have to say we are facing the risk of a very severe electricity shortage," the economy, trade and industry minister, Yukio Edano, said, adding that the extra cost of importing fuel for use in thermal power stations could be passed on to individual consumers though higher electricity bills.
Before the 11 March disaster, Japan relied on nuclear power for about 30% of its electricity, and there were plans to increase its share to more than 50% by 2030 with the construction of new reactors.
The release of huge quantities of radiation into the air and sea, the contamination of the food and water supply and the evacuation of tens of thousands of residents mean that vision of a nuclear-dominant, low-carbon future lies in ruins.
Over the past 14 months, dozens of nuclear reactors not directly affected by the tsunami have gone offline to undergo regular maintenance and safety checks, while utilities have turned to coal, oil and gas-fired power plants to keep industry and households supplied with electricity – imports that contribute to Japan's first trade deficit for more than 30 years last year.
Japan, already the world's biggest importer of liquefied natural gas, bought record amounts of LNG last year to replace nuclear. The international energy agency estimates the closure of all nuclear plants will increase Japanese demand for oil to 4.5m barrels a day, at an additional cost of about US$100m a day.
Last-ditch attempts by the prime minister, Yoshihiko Noda, to win support for the early restart of two reactors at Oi power plant in western Japan have failed amid a hardening of public opposition to nuclear power.
None of Japan's idle reactors will be permitted to go back online until they pass stringent "stress tests" – simulations designed to test their ability to withstand catastrophic events such as the 14-metre tsunami that knocked out Fukushima Daiichi's backup power supply, and sparked the world's worst nuclear accident since Chernobyl.
While some experts have criticised the two-stage stress tests as inadequate, an immediate return to even a limited amount of nuclear power now seems impossible.
Residents' approval isn't legally required for restarts, but Noda is unlikely to risk the possible political fallout from ignoring local opinion: in a recent poll by Kyodo News, 59.5% are opposed to restarting the Oi nuclear power plant in Fukui prefecture, while 26.7% support it.
Leading the push to restart the reactors is Keidanren, Japan's influential business lobby. In a recent survey, 71% of manufacturers said power shortages could force them to cut production, while 96% said that the additional spectre of higher electricity bills would hit earnings. The Japan Institute for Energy Economics has warned that keeping nuclear reactors mothballed could limit GDP growth to just 0.1% this year, as manufacturers cut back production while paying higher prices for crude.
Critics of the nuclear shutdown have also highlighted the impact more fossil fuel power generation will have on Japan's climate change commitments. Even big investors in renewables, such as the Softbank chief executive Masayoshi Son, concede it will take time for them to have any real impact on the country's energy mix.
They will be buoyed by a new environment ministry panel's assertion that Japan can still reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 25% by 2030 from 1990 levels without nuclear, through energy saving and the quicker adoption of renewables, which it hopes will account for between 25% and 35% of total power generation by 2030.
"If Japan has the motivation, it can do this, too," said Sei Kato, deputy director of the environment ministry's low carbon society promotion office. "We have the technological know-how."
Short-term risks aside, environmental groups say Saturday's shutdown is an unprecedented opportunity for Japan to wean itself off nuclear power.
"This is a turning point for Japan, and a huge opportunity for it to move towards the sustainable energy future its people demand," Greenpeace said in its advanced energy revolution report. "With an abundance of renewable energy resources and top-class technology, Japan can easily become a renewable energy leader, while simultaneously ending its reliance on risky and expensive nuclear technology."
On Tuesday, office workers made their contribution with the start, one month earlier than usual, of the annual "cool biz" drive to reduce energy use. But swapping suits and ties for short-sleeved shirts, and turning down air conditioners will be easy for as long as Japan enjoys mild spring temperatures. The biggest test of their post-Fukushima resolve has yet to come.
Inspecties van reactor 2 en 3
Op 14 maart 2012 werden de condensatiebassins onder reactor 2 en 3 geïnspecteerd. In de kelder van reactor 2 werd 160 mSv/u gemeten. De deur naar de kelderruimte in reactorgebouw 3 was beschadigd door een explosie en kon niet worden geopend. Vóór deze deur werd een stralingsniveau gemeten van 75 mSv/u. Deze stralingsniveaus waren zo hoog, dat de reparaties om de lekken in de condensatiebassins te dichten enkel door robots konden worden gedaan.
Op maandag 26 maart 2012 werd begonnen met een tweedaags endoscopisch onderzoek van reactor 2. Hierbij werd gekeken naar het reactoroppervlak en watertemperatuur. Het water bleek slechts 60 centimeter hoog te staan in de primaire container, terwijl men daarvoor aannam dat er 3 meter water zou staan.  Met een watertemperatuur van 48,5°C bleek de koeling goed te werken, alhoewel een groot deel het koelwater waarschijnlijk weglekte via het beschadigde condensatiebassin. Het aangetroffen water was helder en bevatte sediment, waarschijnlijk afgebladderde verf of roest, terwijl de aanwezigheid van kernbrandstof zeer onwaarschijnlijk was. In de primaire container van reactor 2 werd een stralingsniveau gemeten van 72,9 Sv/u, wat als gevolg zou hebben dat voor het ontmantelen van de reactor een nieuwe technologie nodig is, die in deze extreme omstandigheden kan functioneren
Gewoon 3000 mg Spirulina per dag innemen als je in Japan woont, die jappen hebben genoeg van dat spul(Japan is the largest producer—and also the largest consumer—of spirulina.) dus 2015? ik denk dat die Japanners het 'iets' langer gaan volhouden, 2020 - 2025? en als het helemaal fout gaat in Japan dan kan de rest van het noordelijk halfrond ook aan de Spirulina...kunnen die Afrikanen en Mexicanen er ook nog wat aan verdienen.
A Special Report On the Fukushima Nuclear Catastrophe
Just prior to the Supermoon of March 18th, 2011, the world witnessed a natural and manmade disaster of epic proportions. What transpired off the coast of Honshu Island, Japan on March 11 has forever altered the planet and irremediably affected the global environment. Whereas the earthquake and tsunami proved to be truly apocalyptic events for the people of Japan, the ongoing nuclear disaster at Fukushima is proving to be cataclysmic for the entire world.
Most of the world community is still unaware of the extremely profound and far-reaching effects that the Fukushima nuclear disaster has had. If the nations of the world really understood the implications of the actual ‘fallout’ – past, current and future – the current nuclear energy paradigm would be systematically shut down. For those of us who are in the know, it is incumbent upon each of us to disseminate the relevant information/data necessary to forever close down the nuclear power industry around the globe.
TEPCO photo showing tangled wreckage inside the fuel pool at Fukushima after earthquake
There is now general agreement that the state of the art of nuclear power generation is such that it was deeply flawed and fundamentally dangerous from the very beginning. This fact was completely understood to be the case by the industry insiders and original financiers of every nuclear power plant ever built. Nuclear engineers had a very good understanding of just how vulnerable the design, engineering and architecture was at the startup of this industry. Nevertheless, they proceeded with this ill-fated enterprise at the behest of who?
Therefore, this begs the question, “Why would such an inherently unsafe technology and unstable design be implemented worldwide in the first place?”
More importantly, “Who ought to be responsible for mitigating this ongoing planetary nuclear disaster?” And, is there any practical way this predicament can be fixed? Is there technology available which can address this situation in any meaningful way?
With the increasing energy needs of the global economy pushing energy-poor nations like Japan into nuclear power, the economic incentive has always overridden good judgment. Especially in Japan do we see a nation that was literally set up to be a poster child for the nuclear power industry. This, in a place that is known to be the most seismically active region in the world!
“Does anyone in their right mind believe that nuclear power plants can ever be designed, engineered or constructed to withstand 9.0 earthquakes followed by 15 meter high tsunamis? Sorry if we offend, but such a display of so deadly a combination of ignorance and arrogance must represent the very height of hubris. Particularly in view of the inevitable consequences which have manifested at Fukushima, how is it that so few saw this pre-ordained and disastrous outcome, except by willful blindness?”
Numerous headlines over the past few weeks have been relentless in trumpeting Japan’s begrudging response to this global wakeup call. For the first time since nuclear power has been used in the land of Nippon, all 55 nuclear power plants now sit idle. This is of course very good news for the people of Japan. The question now remains how to go about remediating all of these vulnerable and unsafe nuclear reactors. Particularly because of those nuclear plants that are located anywhere along the Japanese coastline is this remediation imperative an existential necessity.
International Forces Are Responsible For Fukushima;
An Immediate Global Response Needs To Be Formulated
Since the very first news about the Fukushima nuclear disaster came to light, many industry researchers and various investigations have unveiled the multi-decade plot to foist nuclear power onto the islands of Japan. The many forces arrayed against the Japanese people were so formidable that this ill-fated enterprise could only come to such an unfortunate outcome. Just as humankind learned from the folly of dropping atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Fukushima has served as an example of how not to implement nuclear power generation.
“Quite purposefully, no one ever stopped to consider the obvious and far-reaching ramifications of constructing 55 nuclear reactors on the most seismically active piece of property on planet Earth! And, that doesn’t count another 12 reactors in various stages of planning or development.”
If Japan is to remain habitable for future generations, there are certain (nuclear) matters confronting every corner of this island nation which must be addressed post haste. We know the people of Japan are up to it. The real question is whether the powers who have controlled their destiny are willing to back off for once since WWII.
Can the USA, the UK, Israel and France completely let go of their control of the Japanese economy, energy infrastructure and political process? Not only does the very existence of Japan rely on this relinquishment of control, the futures of the USA, UK and France do as well.
“Tokyo has the largest greater metro population in the world at about 34.3 million. Tokyo has the largest GDP of all major cities in the world – larger than both New York City and London. Tokyo is the economic/financial capital of the world’s 3rd largest national economy, as well as the primary economic engine of East Asia.”
Most are not aware, even at the very highest levels of the Global Control Matrix, but as Fukushima goes, so goes Japan. Taken to its logical conclusion we can say with absolute certainty that as Japan goes, so goes the entire planet. In reality, Japan is not only a super-charged trigger point in the Pacific Ring of Fire, it is also a lynchpin for the world economy as the previous article well explains. Therefore, we would highly advise the Anglo-American power structure to take proper responsibility for this unprecedented global catastrophe and show up in great force on the Honshu coastline to remediate and de-activate wherever still possible.
Global “Manhattan Project” Required
It is quite quizzical that those who run the Global Control Matrix have not yet seized the day. What is clearly at stake is the Pacific Ocean, its shorelines, numerous national economies, as well as myriad ecosystems and aquatic environments.
If they persist in this display of passivity and willful neglect, the planet may never recover. Surely, we can offer the observation that as the Pacific becomes exposed to massive volumes of radioactive water being dumped from the Fukushima site, eventually this radiation will find its way to the four corners of that ocean and beyond.
There has been a steady barrage of headlines lately aimed at those who can respond to this global catastrophe with some degree of cogency. A uniquely cohesive international response is urgently required if there is to be any hope of a successful remediation. Only a fully represented international think tank and implementation team has any chance of formulating a strategy that might be successful at fixing Fukushima.
We’re thinking of a Manhattan Project type of gravity. After all, if such a serious project was established in the interest of creating an atomic bomb, surely a similar endeavor can be initiated in the interest of saving the same country, that was ravaged by nuclear war, from Fukushima-generated radiation.
Japan has clearly shown that this disaster is way beyond their ability to manage and capacity to address in any meaningful way. Their entire culture seems to ensure that the real problems will be constantly swept under the rug. The problem this time around is that there may soon be no rug to sweep it under.
The preceding article clearly sets forth the thesis that if Tokyo requires evacuation in the future, the Japanese economy will immediately collapse. This eventuality would merely be the first domino to fall toward the collapse of the entire global economy. The prospect at this point is so real that those decision-makers at the top of the Global Control Matrix can’t afford not to inaugurate a worldwide effort to remediate Fukushima.
The Pacific Ocean Is Dying
How about the rest of the Pacific Ocean? What does the future hold in store for the largest body of water on Earth. One that circulates more water than any other ocean and possesses more coastline than all the others put together. The following headlines portend the future health of the Pacific, so all are encouraged to take serious notice.
Radioactive Seawater Impact Map (March 2012), US Dept of State Geographer Image
The upshot of each of the preceding articles is that the Pacific Ocean is extremely vulnerable to the radioactive waste being dumped into her waters at Fukushima. Should another catastrophic earthquake occur, it could create a new and more complicated nuclear disaster scenario that is truly irreparable. Even without any seismic activity affecting the nuclear sites, the current state of affairs has taken for granted that the Pacific Ocean will become a nuclear dumping ground for decades to come. It has not been lost on us that such an inevitability appears to be the only practical expedient available.
We are truly saddened by the great loss of marine life and harm to myriad aquatic and shoreline ecosystems. As the nuclear radiation is exported around the Asian Ring of Fire, genetic mutation will begin to affect every form of life — from phytoplankton to whales, from seabirds to mangroves, from dolphins to krill. Everything that lives near the Pacific will be at risk to some degree. Anyone who lives, works or plays in or around the Pacific will be compelled to evaluate their relationship to this great ocean.
What have we done to Mother Earth by siting nuclear power plants in the most seismically active region of the world?!
What in God’s Creation can possibly be done to fix it?
Never in the history of humankind has the planet been confronted with such a grave set of circumstances. Fukushima represents all that can go wrong when scientific applications and technological advancement within a crude industrial context have gone awry. Unfortunately, given the many trajectories that numerous fields of technological innovation are currently on, Fukushima and the BP Gulf oil spill of 2012 may only be the beginning of a period of accelerating technospheric breakdown which will sweep across the planet.
GENEVE - De straling die vrijkwam sinds de ramp met de kernreactor in Fukushima in maart 2011, was bijna volledig onder de internationale toegestane norm.
Dat schrijft de Wereldgezondheidsorganisatie WHO in een rapport, dat woensdag verscheen.
Onderzoekers stelden op slechts twee plaatsen een te hoge straling vast. Op beide plekken, gelegen in de prefectuur Fukushima, werden inwoners mogelijk blootgesteld aan een dosis van tussen de 10 en 50 millisievert.
In het overige deel van de prefectuur was de straling lager dan 10 millisievert, terwijl in de rest van Japan op zijn hoogst 1 millisievert werd gemeten.
In omringende landen bleef de straling op een niveau dat als ''erg laag'' wordt beschouwd.
Title: ANN News from KHB Channel. Fukushima report was controlled by somebody on the bus. – YouTube
Uploaded by: aristoman007
Date: Nov 14, 2011
Description: ANN News from KHB Channel.8 months after nuclear disaster a Fukushima report was controlled by male on the bus after they passed 3-4 reactor probably heading to reactor Nr. 1 and dosimeters were shoving 300 microsievert /hour. [...]
KHB Translation: “They were asked to put there cameras down… Excuse me put down your cameras please”
Fukushima: "Kans op fatale klap voor reactor 4 is 100%"
27 mei 2012
Door Arjan Plantinga
Volgens het wetenschappelijk comité van de VN is er nog niemand doodgegaan aan de straling die nu al meer dan 14 maanden vrij wegstroomt uit de kerncentrale van Fukushima, Japan.
Wat het 'wetenschappelijk' comité daarmee bedoelt is dat er niemand ter plekke is neergevallen als direct gevolg van een enorme hoeveel radioactieve straling. Het is ongeveer hetzelfde als zeggen dat er nog nooit iemand is overleden bij een mislukte oogst, in de zin dat ze ter plekke op de akker ter aarde stortten. Iedereen snapt dat een mislukte oogst niet meteen, ter plekke slachtoffers eist - misschien hooguit de boer die zich financieel geruïneerd ziet - maar pas in de maanden die volgen, als de voedselvoorraden opgebruikt zijn.
Hetzelfde geldt voor besmetting met radioactieve straling.
En de gevolgen van die radioactieve straling zijn wel degelijk nu al zichtbaar. De kindersterfte in de regio is verdubbeld. In verschillende omringende gebieden zijn de sterftecijfers ronduit alarmerend. Maar de sterfgevallen (hart- en vaatziekten, orgaanfalen, kanker, leukemie) zijn op geen enkele wijze direct in verband te brengen met de straling. Uit de statistieken blijkt dat verband wel, want die wijzen over de hele lijn op een toename in de tweede helft van 2011 en de eerste maanden van 2012.
Het feit dat de VN en ook de Wereld Gezondheids Organisatie deze week met de zwakst mogelijke ontkenningen kwamen zegt genoeg. De wereld maakt zich zorgen, en de ogen gaan langzaam maar zeker open voor de angstaanjagende catastrofe die zich aan in het noordoosten van Japan aan het ontwikkelen is. De ontkenningen van de verschillende overheden beperken zich tot nu toe tot de kleinste van het hele arsenaal leugens dat ze tot hun beschikking hebben: de straling was in maart 2011 beneden de norm en er zijn nog geen directe sterfgevallen gemeld.
Is dat het beste wat jullie te bieden hebben?
Waarom was de straling in maart 2011 beneden de norm? Was het wellicht omdat ......
Tuna contaminated with Fukushima radiation found in California
Scientists amazed that bluefins swimming in Pacific five months after Japanese disaster contained tiny amounts of caesium
Bluefin tuna contaminated with radiation believed to be from Fukushima Daiichi turned up off the coast of California just five months after the Japanese nuclear plant suffered meltdown last March, US scientists said.
Tiny amounts of caesium-137 and caesium-134 were detected in 15 bluefin caught near San Diego in August last year, according to a study published on Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences journal.
The levels were 10 times higher than those found in tuna in the same area in previous years, but still well below those that the Japanese and US governments consider a risk to health. Japan recently introduced a new safety limit of 100 becquerels per kilogram in food.
The timing of the discovery suggests that the fish, a prized but dangerously overfished delicacy in Japan, had carried the radioactive materials across the Pacific ocean faster than those conveyed by wind or water.
The researchers, led by Daniel Madigan at Stanford University, said they had found evidence that the fish had been contaminated at "modestly elevated" levels with caesium. The chemical was released into the ocean in the wake of the accident at Fukushima Daiichi on 11 March 2011.
"The timing of the discovery suggests that the fish, a prized but dangerously overfished delicacy in Japan, had carried the radioactive materials across the Pacific ocean faster than those conveyed by wind or water.
Goede reden om je heil ergens anders te zoeken lijkt me..